Start eating healthy for pregnancy

Start eating healthy for pregnancy

What a woman eats and drinks during pregnancy is her baby's main source of nourishment. A pregnant woman needs more calcium, folic acid, iron and protein than a woman who is not expecting, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG).

Foods to eat

To maximize prenatal nutrition, the future moms needs to emphasize the following five food groups: fruits, vegetables, lean protein, whole grains and dairy products.

Foods to limit

Consume fewer than 200 mg of caffeine a day is generally considered safe during pregnancy, according to a 2010 ACOG committee opinion, which was reaffirmed in 2013. The committee report said moderate caffeine consumption does not appear to contribute to miscarriage or premature birth.

Avoid alcohol during pregnancy. Alcohol in the mother's blood can pass directly to the baby through the umbilical cord. Heavy use of alcohol during pregnancy has been linked with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.

Seafood such as swordfish, shark, king mackerel, and tilefish are high in levels of methyl mercury. Methyl mercury is a toxic chemical that can pass through the placenta and can be harmful to an unborn baby's developing brain, kidneys and nervous system.