Prevention

Prevention

There are a number of steps you can take to help prevent getting pneumonia.

• Stop smoking. You're more likely to get pneumonia if you smoke.
• Avoid people who have infections that sometimes lead to pneumonia.
o Stay away from people who have colds, the flu, or other respiratory tract infections.
o If you haven't had measles or chickenpox or if you didn't get vaccines against these diseases, avoid people who have them.
• Wash your hands often. This helps prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria that may cause pneumonia.

VACCINATIONS

Children get the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) as a routine vaccination. Two different pneumococcal shots are recommended for people ages 65 and older. Some people who have long-term (chronic) conditions also need the pneumococcal vaccine.